PSU

What is PSUs

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are government undertaking companies. These provide secure future and good money as these are less affected by the current recession. This sector provides a career for both technical and non-technical personnel.
The students from technical background can apply in technical service providing companies, i.e. BSNL, MTNL, SAIL, NHAI, NTPC, BHEL, ONGC, HPCL, IOCL, BPCL and many more. There are 252 PSUs in India. These PSUs recruit thousands of diploma and degree holding personnel in technical field. All these companies have their own recruiting procedures.
Some of these companies have competitive type examinations and others have technical written and interview rounds.
Maharatna PSU’s  :

Maharatna is the status given to top public sector enterprises where the companies have the authority to make foreign investments of upto Rs 5,000 crores without taking any Government approval. To be qualified as Maharatna, the company should gain an annual net profit of over Rs. 5,000 crores, net worth of Rs. 15,000 crores and turnover of Rs. 25,000 crores over past three consecutive years. At present the companies which have Maharatna status are: SAIL, ONGC, NTPC, CIL and IOCL. 

Navratna PSU’s  :

Navratna status is conferred to the companies by the Department of Public Enterprises. To be qualified as a Navratna, the company must obtain a score of 60 out of 100. The score is based on six parameters which include net profit to net worth, total manpower cost to total cost of production or cost of services, PBDIT (Profit before depreciation, interest and taxes) to capital employed, PBDIT to turnover, EPS (Earning per Share) and inter-sectoral performance. Additionally, a company must first be a Miniratna and have four independent directors on its board before it can be made a Navratna. The Navratna status gives privileges to enhance financial and operational autonomy and empowers to invest up to Rs. 1000 crores or 15% of their net worth on a single project without seeking Government approval. In a year, these companies can spend up to 30% of their net worth not exceeding Rs. 1000 crores. They will also have the freedom to enter joint ventures, form alliances and float subsidiaries abroad.

Major PSUs:
Branch: Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering


S.No.

Name of the Organization

Exam Conducting Body

No. of Seats (approx.)        

Name of the  Post           

Ratio of Technical & Non-Technical

 1.

DRDO

DRDO

150

Scientist

100 + 50

2.

BHEL

BHEL

80-100

Trainee

120 + 120

3.

BEL

BEL

100

Exe. Trainee

120 + 50

4.

C. DOT

C. DOT

20

Research Engineer

120 + 50

5.

ISRO

ISRO

60-70

Scientist

100 + 50

Branch: Mechanical Engineering


S.No.

Name of the Organization

Exam Conducting Body

No. of Seats (approx.)        

Name of the  Post           

Ratio of Technical & Non-Technical

1.

ONGC

ONGC

80

Exec. Trainee

90 + 90

2.

BHEL

BHEL

100

Exec. Trainee

120 + 120

3.

NTPC

NTPC

100

Exec. Trainee

120 + 50

4.

HAL

HAL

125

Exec. Trainee

145 + 15

5.

IOCL

IOCL

20-25

Exec. Trainee

120 + 50

6.

BPCL

BPCL

20-25

Exec. Trainee

120 + 50

7.

SAIL

SAIL

100

Exec. Trainee

120 + 50           

Branch: Electrical Engineering


S.No.

Name of the Organization

Exam Conducting Body

No. of Seats (approx.)        

Name of the  Post            

Ratio of Technical & Non-Technical

1.

NTPC

 

NTPC

140

Exec. Trainee

120+50

2.

BHEL

BHEL

50

Exec. Trainee

100+100

3.

Power Grid Co.

Power Grid Co.

75

Exec. Trainee

120+60

4.

ONGC

ONGC

08

Exec. Trainee

90+90

Branch: Electrical Engineering


 S.No.

Name of the Organization

Exam Conducting Body

No. of Seats (approx.)        

Name of the  Post           

Ratio of Technical & Non-Technical

1.

NTPC

 

NTPC

20

Exec. Trainee

100+50

2.

BHEL

BHEL

40

Exec. Trainee

100+100

3.

ISRO

ISRO

30

Scientist at C

100+50

4.

BEL

BEL

25

Exec. Trainee

120+50

5.

HAL

HAL

30

Exec. Trainee

145+15

6.

DRDO

DRDO

30

Scientist at B

100+50

Branch: Civil Engineering


S.No.

Name of the Organization

Exam Conducting Body

No. of Seats (approx.)        

Name of the  Post           

Ratio of Technical & Non-Technical

1.

RITES

RITES

 

60-70

Exec. Trainee

120+50

2.

NABARD

NABARD

 

50-60

Exec. Trainee

120+50

3.

IRCON

IRCON

 

50-60

Exec. Trainee

150+25

Why PSUs

Pay Structure of PSUs:

IDA:  23% of Basic

4738/- approx.

HRA: 35% of Basic

7210/- approx.

TA+DA

1500-2000/- approx.

Total (approx.)

36000 (In hand)

  • Other Benefits: 
  1. Medical facility unlimited.               
  2. Education (subsidies fee)
  3. Transport Facility                           
  4. LTC                                  
  5. Loan facility at lower interest                                  
  6. Subsidies electricity and water bills
  • Township:
  • well managed township with all relevant facilities.
  • schools
  • clubs
  • hospitals
  • shopping centers
  • guest houses
  • Community centers, etc.

PSUs : Eligibility Criteria

List of companies with their Eligibility criteria for Management trainee / Engineer / Engineering Graduates / Executive Trainees:
HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited)
Eligibility:

  1. Graduate in Mechanical/ Electronics/ Electrical/ Production/Computer Science/ Metallurgy/ Aeronautic Branches of Engineering from any recognized Institution/University. 
  2. General/ OBC candidates should have secured 65% marks and SC/ST candidates should have secured a minimum of 55% Marks. in the aggregate (average of marks scored for all the Semesters/ Years) Or corresponding CGPA Ratings / Gradations in their Engineering Degree Examinations.
  3. Engineering Graduates in the Aeronautical Branch with minimum aggregate 60% marks (for General/OBC) and 50% for SC/ST would be eligible to apply.
  4. Applications should be submitted strictly 'ONLINE' by logging to HAL Website after recruitment notification.

NTPC
Eligibility:

  1.  Students belonging to SC/ST/Physically Challenged categories (Visually Handicapped / Hearing Handicapped / Orthopaedically Handicapped) and pursuing full time degree course in Engineering in the disciplines of Electrical, Instrumentation, Mechanical, Computer Science, Electronics / Telecommunication from a college / university institute recognized by the Govt. of India and should be in the Third Year are eligible to apply for the exam with 65% marks.
  2. Age relaxation is 5 years for SC/ST and 3 years OBC candidates
  3. Minimum 55% marks for SC/ST/Physically challenged persons
  4. Maximum age limit vary with category of posts as specified by NTPC from time to time through advertisements.

HPCL Recruitment of Officer Trainees- Engineering Disciplines
Eligibility: 

  1. Full time Graduates in Engineering / Technology in Civil, Chemical, Electrical, Instrumentation, Mechanical and Electronics & Telecommunications Discipline from a recognised Indian University / Institute.
  2. SC/ST candidates scoring minimum 50% (in aggregate) and OBC Candidates scoring minimum 60% (in aggregate) in the qualifying examination are eligible to apply.
  3. Those candidates who will be appearing for their Final Year can also apply. SC/ST candidates scoring minimum 50% (in aggregate) and OBC Candidates scoring minimum 60% (in aggregate) are eligible to apply. However, their eligibility for the selection will be subject to their obtaining minimum 60 % (For SC/ST-minimum 50 %) in aggregate in qualifying degree.
  4. Max Age Limit.SC / ST: 30 years, after allowing age relaxation as per Govt. Directives
  5. OBC : 28 years , after allowing age relaxation as per Govt. Directives

Selection : Written Test/ Interview.
Candidates fulfilling all of the above criteria will be eligible for appearing for Written Test which is objective type consisting of two parts.

  1. General Aptitude
  2. Academic Knowledge 

The candidates will be called for the Personal Interview as per the policy of the Corporation.
BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited)  

  1. Full time Bachelor’s Degree in relevant discipline (Mechanical / Electrical / Electrical & Electronics) from a recognized Institute, with minimum 60% marks in aggregate.
  2. Upper Age Limit: 30 years

DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
Essential Qualifications:
Atleast first class Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Technology in Following Branches:

  1.  Electronics & Communication Engineering
  2. Mechanical Engineering 
  3. Computer Science & Engineering 
  4. Chemical Engineering 
  5. Electrical Engineering 
  6. Instrumentation Engineering 
  7. Metallurgical Engineering. 
  8. First class Master’s Degree in Science in Chemistry/Physics from a recognized University in respective/relevant discipline.

BSNL- JTO (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.- Junior Telecom. Officers)
Educational Qualifications:
JTO (Telecom)
Applicant must possess a Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor of Technology or equivalent Engineering degree in any of the following disciplines from a recognized engineering college/university:
• Telecommunication 
• Electronics 
• Radio 
• Computer 
• Electrical 
• Information Technology
Candidates appearing in the final year degree examination may also apply.
JTO (Civil)
Applicant must possess a Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Technology or equivalent in Civil Engineering from a recognized Institution/University. Candidates appearing in the final year degree examination may also apply .
JTO (Electrical)
Applicant must possess a Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Technology or equivalent in Electrical Engineering from a recognized Institution/University. Candidates appearing in the final year degree examination may also apply.
Age:
The applicant for JTOs(Telecom), JTOs(Civil) and JTOs(Electrical) should not be more than 30 years of age on the closing date for receipt of applications from candidates. However, this age is relaxable as per standing instructions on this subject for:
• Govt. servants upto 5 years in accordance with the instructions or orders issued by the Central Govt.
• BSNL employees upto 5 years in accordance with the instructions or orders issued by the BSNL
• For Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes candidates upto 5 years
• For OBC Candidates upto 3 years
• For General Category PH candidates upto 10 years, (for SC/ST 15 years and for OBC 13 years) 
• For certain other categories like ex-servicemen, displaced persons from East Pakistan[now Bangladesh], repatriates from Burma and Ceylon [now Srilanka],residents of Goa, Daman & Diu, persons migrated from Kenya, Uganda, Republic of Tanzania as per instructions issued by the Central Government from time to time in this regard. 
• For Residents of J&K – Relaxation shall be in accordance with DoP&T’s Notification No.15012/7/1991-Estt.(D) dtd. 7.12.2007 pertaining to “Residents of State of Jammu and Kashmir (Relaxation of Upper Age Limit for Recruitment to Central Civil Services & Posts) Rules 1997”.
Further in respect of apprentices who have undergone apprentice training in BSNL successfully, there will be following provision:
• An apprentice will be required to compete in the common competitive examination conducted by BSNL along with other direct candidates and preference to the apprentices over non-apprentices direct candidates will be given only if apprentices secures equal place in merit in select zone and all other eligibility conditions being equal. 
• The apprentices would not be required to get her/his name sponsored by any employment exchange. 
• The apprentices would be entitled to age relaxation to the extent of the period for which the apprentice had undergone training as apprentice in the BSNL.


ORGANIZATION

BRANCHES

PERCENTAGE

AGE

GEN

OBC

SC/ST

PH

GEN

OBC

SC/ST

PH

Bridge & Roof co. (I) Ltd

CE,ME,EE

70

70

60

60

24 Years

27 Years

29 Years

29 years-General
32 years-OBC
34 years SC/ST

BHEL

ME, EE, EC, CE

65

65

60

60

27 Years

30 Years

32 Years

32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years SC/ST

ONGC

ME, EE, Petroleum, IN, CH, Environment Engg

65

65

60

60

30 Years

33 Years

35 Years

35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years SC/ST

NTPC

EE, EC, Instrumentation & Control, Power Systems & High Voltage, Power Electronics, Power Plant Engg, ME, Production, Industrial Engg, Production & Industrial Engg, Thermal, Mechanical & Automation, Electronics & Power

65

65

55

55

27 Years

30 Years

32 Years

32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years SC/ST

SAIL

EC ,ME,EE,CS,IN, CH,

65

65

50

50

30 Years

33 Years

35 Years

35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years SC/ST

ISRO

CH(Including Petrochemicals Engg),CE, EE, Instrumentation Engg (Including Electronics & Instrumentation

65

65

55

55

26 Years

29 Years

31 Years

31 years-General
34 years-OBC
36 years SC/ST

PSUs : Exam Schedule

Organisation

Last Date To Apply

Total Posts

URL

BSPCL

30-Apr-16

 267

bsphcl.bih.nic.in

RITES

1-May-16

30

rites.com

ONGC

1-Apr-16

 

ongcindia.com

DRDO

10-Apr-16

 

drdo.gov.in

NFL

Will be published Shortly

Will be publish Shortly

NFL.com

Cabinet Secretariat, Govt of India

Will be publish Shortly

22

cabsec.nic.in

IPR

July

Will be publish Shortly

www.ipr.res.in

PSPCL

May

Will be publish Shortly

www.pspcl.in

PSUs : Exam Pattern

Examination pattern will be different for vary from one PSU to another.

  • Number of Questions: 150-200 Question
  • Time duration: 2 – 2½ Hrs
  • Negative Marking: 1/3
  • Technical:75% of total questions
  • General aptitude with English: 25%

Selection Procedure
The usual selection procedure followed by maximum no. of PSUs includes the following stages:
Stage-I:- Written Examination (Generally on Sunday)
Stage-II:- Interview and GD
Stage-III:- Medical Examination
$
Stage-I :- Written Examination
Duration:- 1–3 hrs (avg 2 hrs)
Written exam of various PSUs can be divided mainly into 4 sections:-

  • Technical
  • Aptitude & Reasoning
  • English & RC
  • General Awareness & current affairs

Stage-II:- Interview
The interview is mainly conducted to lure the hidden potential of the candidate, thus it focuses on:

  • Maximum stress on testing the technical knowledge of the candidate.
  • More of HR Question limited to the general introduction, work experience (if any), hobbies etc.
  • Final year project is very important for the interview.

Group Discussion is also conducted at some PSUs with the interview, which involves:

  • Duration is 20 -30 minutes.
  • Usually easy topics are given for discussion.
  • Contemporary social and political issues are highly probable topics to be given.
  • Topics on environmental and technical issues can also be given.
    *Note:- Interview and GD in most of the PSU’s can also be taken in Hindi.

Stage-III:- Medical Examination
In some of the PSUs, candidates selected on the basis of their performance in written exam, interview and GD are finally called for a medical check-up prior to their appointment and training.

Things need to be remembered
Apart from the above pattern of PSUs' examinations, followings things are also considered:

    • There can be an additional stage in some of the PSUs where only short-listed candidates are allowed to appear for the written exam. All the applicants fulfilling the eligibility criteria are screened again on the basis of their % of B.Tech primarily and depending upon the no. of vacancies Only selected candidates are called for the written exam. eg- ISRO, BHEL etc.
    • Some PSUs don’t hold interviews as a part of their selection procedure eg- BSNL (JTO).
    • Though, the general pattern of examination has never been declared by any PSU, the trend of weightage given to different stages of selection which is followed by most of the PSUs is: Written – 70-85%, Interview – 15-30%, GD – 5%.

PSUs : Cut Off Marks

PSUs THROUGH GATE

Public sector undertakings (PSUs) are using GATE score as screening tool for recruiting engineers at entry level positions.There are 20+ PSUs recruiting on the basis of GATE – 2015 Score and 30+ PSUs recruiting on the basis of GATE – 2016 Score
However on the basis of notifications released by various PSUs hereby we are providing the detailed list of various PSUs which are going to use GATE 2016 score for recruiting engineers.

ORGANIZATION

STREAMS APPLICABLE

PERCENTAGE

 

 

GEN

OBC

SC/ST

PH

Bridge & Roof co. (I) Ltd

EE, ME, CE

70

70

60

60

BHEL

EC, EE, ME, MT

65

65

60

60

ONGC

ECE, EE, ME, CE, CS, IN, CH

65

65

60

60

NTPC

EC, EE, ME, EC,CS, IN

65

65

55

55

SAIL

EC ,EE,ME,CS, IN, CH, Metallurgy, Ceramics

65

65

50

50

IOCL

EC, EE, ME, CE, CS, IN

65

65

55

55

ISRO

EC, EE, ME, CS

65

65

65

65

PGCIL

EC, EE, CE, CS

65

65

Pass

Pass

HAL

EC, EE, ME, Industrial, Production, CS, IN

65

60

60

60

NALCO

 EE, ME, CS, IT, C&I, CE, CH, Metallurgy, Mining

65

65

55

55

GAIL

EC, EE, ME, CS, IN, CH

65

65

60

60

DRDO

EC, ME, EE, CS, CH

60

60

55

55

DMRC

EC, EE, ME, CE

60

60

55

55

GAIL

ME, IN, CH

60

60

60

60

BPCL

ME, CS, IN 

60

60

55

55

MTNL

EC, EE, CS, IT

60

60

55

55

HPCL

EC, EE, ME, CE, IN, CH

60

60

50

50

BEL

EC, EE, ME, CE, CS, CH, Telecommunication

60

60

Pass

Pass

BARC

 EC,ME, CS, CH, IN, Metallurgy, Control Engineering

60

60

60

55

Indian Railways

EC, EE, ME, CE, CS, or M.sc in Chemistryor Applied Chemistry,Metallurgy, CH

60

60

55

55

ECIL

EC, EE, ME, CE, CS, E & I

60

60

50

50

VIZAG STEEL

EC, EE, ME, CE, CH, IN, Ceramics,CH, Metallurgy

60

60

50

50

NHPC

EE, ME, CE

60

60

50

50

SJVNL

EC, EE, ME, Civil, IT

55

50

50

50

BSNL

Telecommunication, EC, Radio, CS, EE, IT, CE

-

-

-

-

BHARATI PRASAR

EC, EE, IT

-

-

-

-

In 2014 more than 10, in 2015 more than 20 and in 2016 more or nearly 25 PSUs recruiting through GATE 2016 score
Here in the table below we will provide complete detail of various Public sector undertaking (PSUs) which are going to use GATE 2017 score. We will here update all basic information like opening and closing date of application form, number of vacancies, allowed branch of engineering, technology or science for recruitment of different-different PSUs through GATE 2017.

PSUs NOT THROUGH GATE

Many Government organization and PSUs are recruiting nearly every year through their own competitive examination. So, those candidates any how were not able to perform well in GATE exam need to continue your preparation as there are many exams lined up for you..
However on the basis of notifications released by various PSUs/Govt. Organizations hereby providing the detailed list of various PSUs/Govt. Organizations which are going to recruit engineers through their own examination.

S. No.

Name of Organization

Name of Post

Total Posts

1

DMRC

AM & JE

114

2

BEL

Dy. Engineer

10

3

ISRO

Scientists/Engineers

375

4

NPCIL

Executive Trainee

183

5

AAI

Manager

158

6

AAI

JE

220

7

RBI

Manager

5

8

JVUNL

AE,AEE

211

9

UPCL

Assistant Engineer

67

10

BARC

Scientific Officer

To be notified

11

NIELIT

Various

94

12

DMRC

JE/SC-TO/CRA etc.

1509

13

BSNL

JTO

25

14

BSNL

TTA

147

15

LMRC

AE, JE, AM, AA etc.

254

16

BIS

Scientist-‘B’

97

17

Railways

SSE/JE

2239

18

SSC

JE

1000

19

Vizag Steel

MT

119

20

SAIL

MT

246

21

AAI

ATC

400

22

DRDO

SO

To be notified